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The 36 States In Nigeria And How They Got Their Names

The 36 States In Nigeria And How They Got Their Names

The 36 states in Nigeria and how they got their names. Nigeria has 36 states; many do not know how these states got the names they bear. In this article, we would be looking at the 36 states and how they came about their names.

The 36 States In Nigeria And How They Got Their Names

1. Abia

The name Abia was formed in 1991 from the name of the four main groups in the state at the time, namely, Aba Bende Isuikwuato Afikpo.

2. Adamawa

Adamawa was coined after a powerful warrior , Modibbo Adama Bin Ardo Hassan, conquered the region in the beginning of the 19th century

3. Akwa-Ibom

Akwa Ibom is named after the Qua Iboe (or Kwa Iboe) River

4. Anambra

Anambra got its name from the twisted version of Oma Mbala (Ànyịm Ọma Mbala), a popular river in the area.

5. Bauchi

‘Bauchi’ came from the Hausa word, the southern flanks of Hausaland. Clans living in the southern parts of the Hausaland were known and called to as “kasashen bauchi” and the area they lived in later came to be known simply as Bauchi.

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6. Bayelsa

Bayelsa is from a mixed acronyms which was derived from three local government areas including of old Rivers state — Brass LGA known as BALGA, Yenegoa known as YELGA and Sagbama LGA known as SALGA. in the formation of their names is BA + YEL + SA

7. Benue

After the “Europeanised” corruption of ‘Binuwe’, the state was named after the Batta word for ‘Mother of Waters’.

8. Borno

The dominant ethnic group in the state, is ‘Borno’ which gave inspiration for the naming of the state also known Kanuris,

9. Cross River

The state took its name from a River called Oyono or Cross River.

10. Delta

The state is where the River Niger forms a delta as it enters the Atlantic Ocean.

11. Ebonyi

Ebonyi is the anglicised translation of ‘Aboine’, a river that cuts through Abakaliki, the state capital.

12. Edo

Edo came from the early settlers, the Bini people who dwell in the area and had always referred to themselves as Edo or Iduu.

13. Ekiti

Ekiti ‘Okiti’ is a word that is said to indicate a settlement of many hills. It later became ‘Ekiti’.

14. Enugu

“Enu Ugwu” meaning “top of the hill”. The name came about due to the many hills and rocky terrain in the area, the people named it in igbo.

15. Gombe

Gombe is the dialect of Fulani language (Fulfulde) spoken in the area.

16. Imo

Imo took its name from the popular river, Imo Mmiri.

The 36 States In Nigeria

17. Jigawa

Jigawa takes inspiration from its distinctively golden-coloured soil.

18. Kaduna

The state, got its name from the many crocodiles in Kaduna River. Kaduna is an Hausa word for Crocodiles

19. Kano

The state got the name from a blacksmith from the Gaya tribe who settled in the area while sourcing for ironstone

20. Katsina

The state was named after the wife of a famous local ruler known as Janzama. Her name was Katsina

21. Kebbi

It is said that Kebbi was named after the Ka’abba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

22. Kogi

Kogi is said to have been derived from ‘kogin’, the hausa word for river.

23. Kwara

Kwara River Niger used to be called River Kwara by the Nupes at the state’s Northern border. The state was named after this.

24. Lagos

Due to the many lagoons and rivers in the town, the first set of Europeans who set foot in Lagos named it Lagos, the Portuguese word for ‘lakes’.

25. Nasarawa

Nasarawa was named by the founder of Nasarawa kingdom, Makama Dogo which is a native word for ‘victorious’.

26. Niger

This was named after the River Niger

27. Ogun

This state was named after a river — Ogun River.

28. Ondo

The state was named after the settlers of the old Ondo Kingdom

The 36 States In Nigeria And How They Got Their Names

The 36 States In Nigeria And How They Got Their Names
The 36 States In Nigeria And How They Got Their Names

29. Osun

This state was also named after a river — the River Osun.

30. Oyo

The state was named after the Old Oyo empire.

31. Plateau

Jos plateau got its name from the mispronunciation of the town ‘Gwosh’

32. Rivers

Rivers state was named after the many water bodies present in the area.

33. Sokoto

Sokoto is the anglicized version of the Arabic word ‘suk’, meaning ‘market’ or ‘place of commerce. The state itself was named after the defunct Sokoto Caliphate

34. Taraba

Taraba state got its name from the Taraba River.

The 36 States In Nigeria

35. Yobe

Komadugu Yobe (Waube or Ouobe) or River Yobe (or River of Yo) inspired the name of the state.

36. Zamfara

Zamfarawa was named after one of the sub dialects of the Eastern Hausa group.

The 36 States In Nigeria

FCT: Abuja “Abuja” was in the early 20th century named the nearby town now called Suleja. The indigenous inhabitants of Abuja are the Gbagyi (Gwari), with the Gbagyi language formerly the major of the region language.

The 36 states in Nigeria and how they got their names, this is very interesting. What is your comment?

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